On IPM (Integrated Pest Management) Based Pest Management Program
IPM as the program uses a variety of pest management compatible methods. Thus, it is expected that the damage caused by pests is not economically detrimental, not harmful to humans animals, plants and the enviorement, yet the population of these organisms remains below the endangered level.
IPM programs in urban areas are highly dependant on the individual velue systems or threshold that are generally associated with aesthetical and economical considerations. IPM does not exclude pesticides but integrate them with certain strategies to maintain pests at economical acceptable level while minimizing the negative impact to the ecology and social.